Nepal has existed as a kingdom centered in the Kathmandu Valley for more than 1,500 years . The country is known for its majestic Himalayas and has nine of the fourteen peaks in the world over 8,000 meters, including Mount Everest and Annapurna I.

Modern Nepal began its evolution in the sixteenth century with the founding of the House of Gurkha by Dravya Shah in 1559. In the late eighteenth century, Gurkha conquests extended the kingdom through the Himalayas for almost 1,500 kilometers from the western boundary of Garhwal, India, through the territory of Sikkim in the east.

Nepal is noted for its famed Gurkha soldiers. !